Pierre Auguste Renoir (584)

Pierre-Auguste Renoir ( 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919) was a French painter originally associated with the Impressionist movement. His early works were typically Impressionist snapshots of real life, full of sparkling colour and light. By the mid-1880s, however, he had broken with the movement to apply a more disciplined, formal technique to portraits and figure paintings, particularly of women as a celebrator of beauty and feminine sensuality.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, France, in 1841. Renoir was born into a family of artisans. His father, a tailor who had seven children, moved with his family to Paris about 1845. Renoir's family moved to Paris in search of more favorable prospects. The location of their home, in rue d’Argenteuil in central Paris, placed Renoir in proximity to the Louvre. Renoir demonstrated his gift at an early age. Quickly recognizing his talent, his parents apprenticed him, at age 13, to work in a porcelain factory, where he learned to decorate plates with bouquets of flowers.

His skill and the great pleasure he took in his work soon convinced him he should study painting in earnest. Having saved a little money, he decided, in 1862, to take evening courses in drawing and anatomy at the École des Beaux-Arts as well as painting lessons at the studio of Charles Gleyre, a Swiss painter who had been a student of the 19th-century Neoclassical painter Jean-Auguste-Dominque Ingres. Although the academic style of his teacher did not suit Renoir, he nevertheless accepted its discipline in order to acquire the elementary skills needed to become a painter. It was here that he met Alfred Sisley, Frédéric Bazille, and Claude Monet. Renoir had his first success at the Salon of 1868 with his painting Lise with a Parasol (1867), which depicted Lise Tréhot, his lover at the time.

Renoir was inspired by the style and subject matter of previous modern painters Camille Pissarro and Édouard Manet. After a series of rejections by the Salon juries, he joined forces with Monet, Sisley, Pissarro, and several other artists to mount the first Impressionist exhibition in April 1874, in which Renoir displayed six paintings. Although the critical response to the exhibition was largely unfavorable, Renoir's work was comparatively well received. That same year, two of his works were shown with Durand-Ruel in London.

Conditions were ripe for the birth of a new pictorial language, and Impressionism, bursting upon the scene, attracted notoriety with the first Impressionist exposition of 1874, held independently of the official Salon. It took 10 years for the movement to acquire its definitive form, its independent vision, and its unique perceptiveness. But one can point to 1874 as the year of departure for the movement that subsequently spawned modern art. Renoir’s work is a perfect illustration of this new approach in thought and technique. By using small, multicoloured strokes, he evoked the vibration of the atmosphere, the sparkling effect of foliage, and especially the luminosity of a young woman’s skin in the outdoors. Renoir and his companions stubbornly strove to produce light-suffused paintings from which black was excluded, but their pursuits led to many disappointments: their paintings, so divergent from traditional formulas, were frequently rejected by the juries of the Salon and were extremely difficult to sell.

Renoir, because of his fascination with the human figure, was distinctive among the others, who were more interested in landscape. Thus, he obtained several orders for portraits and was introduced, thanks to the publisher Georges Charpentier, to upper-middle-class society, from whom he obtained commissions for portraits, most notably of women and children.

Renoir mastered the ability to convey his immediate visual impressions, and his paintings showed great vitality, emphasizing the pleasures of life despite the financial worries that troubled him. He displayed mostly portraits at the second Impressionist exhibition in 1876. He contributed a more diverse range of paintings the next year when the group presented its third exhibition; several of his masterpieces date from this period: La Loge (1874; Theatre Box), Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (1876), Luncheon of the Boating Party (1880–81). By the end of the 1870s, particularly after the success of his painting Mme Charpentier and her Children (1878) at the Salon of 1879, Renoir was a successful and fashionable painter. Charpentier organized a personal exposition for the works of Renoir in 1879 in the gallery La Vie Moderne.

In 1881 and 1882 Renoir made several trips to Algeria, Italy, and Provence, and these eventually had a considerable effect on his art and on his life. During his journey to Italy, he discovered Raphael and the hallmarks of classicism: the beauty of drawing, the purity of a clear line to define a form, and the expressive force of smooth painting when used to enhance the suppleness and modeling of a body.

In 1890, he married Aline Victorine Charigot, a dressmaker twenty years his junior, who, along with a number of the artist's friends, had already served as a model for Le Déjeuner des canotiers (Luncheon of the Boating Party; she is the woman on the left playing with the dog) in 1881, and with whom he had already had a child, Pierre, in 1885. After marrying, Renoir painted many scenes of his wife and daily family life including their children and their nurse, Aline's cousin Gabrielle Renard. The Renoirs had three sons: Pierre Renoir (1885–1952), who became a stage and film actor; Jean Renoir (1894–1979), who became a filmmaker of note; and Claude Renoir (1901–1969), who became a ceramic artist.

Around 1892, Renoir developed rheumatoid arthritis. In 1907, he moved to the warmer climate of "Les Collettes," a farm at the village of Cagnes-sur-Mer, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, close to the Mediterranean coast. Renoir painted during the last twenty years of his life even after his arthritis severely limited his mobility. He developed progressive deformities in his hands and ankylosis of his right shoulder, requiring him to change his painting technique. It has often been reported that in the advanced stages of his arthritis, he painted by having a brush strapped to his paralyzed fingers, but this is erroneous; Renoir remained able to grasp a brush, although he required an assistant to place it in his hand.

Renoir’s paintings during this period still embodied a cheerful attitude toward life. His themes became more personal and intimate, focusing on portraits of his wife, his children, and Gabrielle, his maid, who often also posed for his nude paintings. His still lifes were composed of flowers and fruits from his own garden, and the landscapes were those that surrounded him. The nudes, especially, reflect the serenity that he found in his work. Examples of this period include The Artist’s Family (1896) and Girl Sleeping (c. 1897). He attempted to embody his admiration for the female form in sculpture, with the assistance of young Richard Guino. Since Renoir was no longer able to do sculpture himself, Guino became, about 1913, the skillful instrument who willingly followed his directions. He yielded before the personality of Renoir and succeeded so well that the works have all the qualities of Renoir’s style.

Renoir’s wife died in 1915 after having returned from Gérardmer, where she had gone to see their son Jean, who had been seriously wounded in the war, and who would go on to become an important filmmaker. Renoir survived his wife by four years. Several months before his death, he was able to go to Paris to see his Portrait of Madame Georges Charpentier, which had been recently acquired by the state. On that occasion, In 1919, several friends wheeled him for the last time through the Louvre to view the masterpieces that he had venerated throughout his life.

Renoir died at Cagnes-sur-Mer on 3 December 1919.

Renoir's, Au Moulin de la Galette became one of the world’s most expensive paintings when it sold for $78 million back in 1990 at Sotheby's in New York City, New York, L'ombrelle sold for £9,673,250 at auction inFfeb 2013.

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Dance at Le Moulin De La Galette

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

Luncheon of the Boating Party

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

Pont Neuf, Paris

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 329

Venice (The Doge’s Palace)

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Two Sisters (On the Terrace) 1881

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The Umbrellas

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 389

The Swing 1876

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Pink and Blue – the Cahen D´anvers Girls 1881

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 399

A Girl with a Watering Can

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

Two Young Girls at the Piano 1892

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Mme. Charpentier and Her Children, 1878

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

By the Water

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Lunch at the Restaurant Fournaise

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

La Grenouillère 1869

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Bathing on the Seine 1869

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

La Grenouillere

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 379

Dancer

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 389

The Blue Lady

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 379

Algerian Girl

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

By the Seashore

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Portrait of Mademoiselle Irène Cahen D'anvers (Little Irene)

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Portrait of Mme. Paulin

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

Sleeping Girl with a Cat

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Summer

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 379

Portrait of Marthe Bérard 1879

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 409

Monet Painting in his Garden at Argenteuil

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Alphonsine Fournaise

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The Large Bathers

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 389

The theater Box

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

La Loge Or L'avant-Scène

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The Clown

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 379

At the theatre (La Première Sortie)

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Dance at Bougival

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 429

Country Dance

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 469

Dance in the City

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 459

Alfred Sisley with his Wife

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

The Apple Seller

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The Daughters of Catulle Mendès

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

A Box in the theater Des Varietes

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Au Théâtre, La Loge, 1894

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Gabrielle Renard and infant Son Jean Renoir, 1895

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Woman Arranging Flowers 1917

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The White Pierrot

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Claude Renoir in Clown Costume

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 389

Diana Als Jägerin

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 379

Bather with a Griffon Dog - Lise on the Bank of the Seine

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 389

Parisiennes in Algerian Costume Or Harem 1872

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Odalisque

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 419

The Guitar Player

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Woman with a Guitar

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Girl with a Guitar

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Young Spanish Woman with a Guitar 1898

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Young Girls at the Piano 1892

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Woman at the Piano

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Young Girls at the Piano

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Yvonne and Christine Lerolle at the Piano

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

The Excursionist 1888

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

The Daughters of Durand Ruel

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

In the Café 1877

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Tilla Durieux

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Buste De Femme, De Profil

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Girl with a Blue Ribbon 1888

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Confidence, 1897

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

At the Milliner's 1878

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Lovers

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

La Promenade

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

After the Luncheon

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Boating Couple

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Portrait of Madame Claude Monet

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

Camille Monet Reading

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Children's Afternoon at Wargemont

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 369

The Artist's Family

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Sailor Boy

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 399

Jean as a Huntsman

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 399

Woman with a Fan

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Woman with Fan

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Lady with Fan

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Madame Hériot

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 339

Girl with a Fan 1881

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Femme a L'ombrelle Assise Dans Le Jardin (Lise Tréhot)

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Jeune Femme a L'ombrelle, 1872

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Femme a L'ombrelle Et Enfant

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Femme Cueillant Des Fleurs

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Acrobats at the Cirque Fernando (Francisca and Angelina Wartenberg)

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Enfant Assis En Robe Bleue

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

La Jeune Fille Au Cygne Ou La Jeune Fille Au Héron

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Conversation

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Double Portrait De Jeanne Baudot

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 409

Jeunes Filles Jouant Au Volant

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Femme a L'ombrelle

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Femme Au Chapeau

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 359

Gabrielle and Coco Playing Dominos

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 339

Girl in Gold Flowers Woman in White Hat, Circa 1895

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Girls in Black

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

La Lecture

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

Young Girls Looking at an Album

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 349

La Tapisserie Dans Le Parc, Camille Monet

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 329

The Umbrella, 1878

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 329

La Fête a Saint-Cloud

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 329

Le Pêcheur a La Ligne

By Pierre Auguste Renoir
Sizes starting at
AU$ 329