High Renaissance (41)

Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the Renaissance, emerging as a distinct style in Italy in about 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music and science. Renaissance art, perceived as a "rebirth" of ancient traditions, took as its foundation the art of Classical antiquity, but transformed that tradition by the absorption of recent developments in the art of Northern Europe and by application of contemporary scientific knowledge. Renaissance art, with Renaissance Humanist philosophy, spread throughout Europe, affecting both artists and their patrons with the development of new techniques and new artistic sensibilities. Renaissance art marks the transition of Europe from the Medieval period to the Early modern age.

In many parts of Europe, Early Renaissance art was created in parallel with Late Medieval art. By 1500 the Renaissance style prevailed. As Late Renaissance art (Mannerism) developed, it took on different and distinctive characteristics in every region.

High Renaissance art in Italy, 1475-1525

The "universal genius" Leonardo da Vinci was to further perfect the aspects of pictorial art (lighting, linear and atmospheric perspective, anatomy, foreshortening and characterisation) that had preoccupied artists of the Early Renaissance, in a lifetime of studying and meticulously recording his observations of the natural world. His adoption of oil paint as his primary media meant that he could depict light and its effects on the landscape and objects more naturally and with greater dramatic effect than had ever been done before, as demonstrated in the Mona Lisa. His dissection of cadavers carried forward the understanding of skeletal and muscular anatomy, as seen in the unfinished St Jerome. His depiction of human emotion in The Last Supper set the benchmark for religious painting.

The art of Leonardo's younger contemporary Michelangelo took a very different direction. Michelangelo, in neither his painting nor his sculpture demonstrates any interest in the observation of any natural object except the human body. He perfected his technique in depicting it, while in his early twenties, by the creation of the enormous marble statue of David and the group the Pieta, in St Peter's Basilica, Rome. He then set about an exploration of the expressive possibilities of the human anatomy. His commission by Pope Julius II to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling resulted in the supreme masterpiece of figurative composition, which was to have profound effect on every subsequent generation of European artists.

Standing alongside Leonardo and Michelangelo as the third great painter of the High Renaissance was the younger Raphael, who in a short life span painted a great number of lifelike and engaging portraits, including those of Pope Julius II and his successor Pope Leo X, and numerous portrayals of the Madonna and Christ Child, including the Sistine Madonna.

In Northern Italy the High Renaissance represented by the religious paintings of Giovanni Bellini which include several large altarpieces of a type known as "Sacred Conversation" which show a group of saints around the enthroned Madonna. His contemporary Giorgione left a small number of enigmatic works, including The Tempest, the subject of which has remained a matter of speculation. The earliest works of Titian date from the era of the High Renaissance, including a massive altarpiece The Assumption of the Virgin which combines human action and drama with spectacular colour and atmosphere.

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The Creation of Adam

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 420,429

Mona Lisa

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 293,849

Salvator Mundi

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 290,579

Delphic Sibyl

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 297,109

The Cumaean Sibyl

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 297,109

Ginevra de' Benci

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 244,759

Madonna Litta

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 270,969

Libyan Sibyl

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 297,109

Lady with an Ermine

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 274,239

The Expulsion from Paradise

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 503,709

Virgin and Child with St Anne

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 293,849

The Last Judgment

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 316,789

Madonna of the Yarnwinder

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 274,239

Leda and the Swan

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 280,779

The Torment of Saint Anthony

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 303,079

Madonna of the Yarnwinder

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 274,239

Madonna of the Carnation

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 274,239

Ignudo

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 277,509

Ignudo

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 303,639

The Baptism of Christ

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 257,869

Benois Madonna

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 310,159

Jonah

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 326,449

The Deluge

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 479,239

The Annunciation

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 378,389

Virgin of the Rocks

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 310,159

Sacrifice of Noah

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 390,839

Virgin of the Rocks

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 306,899

The Creation of Eve

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 361,259

The Separation of Land and Water

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 362,949

The Last Supper-Original

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 332,949

The Last Supper-Restored

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 352,449

The Creation of the Sun and the Moon

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 327,389

The Separation of Light and Darkness

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 331,629

The Last Supper-Restored

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 423,619

Profile of a Young Fiancee

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 280,779

The prophet Isaiah

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 325,889

Tondo Doni

By Michelangelo Buonarroti
Sizes starting at
₩ 277,879

La belle ferronnière

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 290,579

Saint John the Baptist

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 280,779

The Vitruvian Man

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 252,909

Portrait of a Musician

By Leonardo Da Vinci
Sizes starting at
₩ 284,049

High Renaissance (41)

Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the Renaissance, emerging as a distinct style in Italy in about 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music and science. Renaissance art, perceived as a "rebirth" of ancient traditions, took as its foundation the art of Classical antiquity, but transformed that tradition by the absorption of recent developments in the art of Northern Europe and by application of contemporary scientific knowledge. Renaissance art, with Renaissance Humanist philosophy, spread throughout Europe, affecting both artists and their patrons with the development of new techniques and new artistic sensibilities. Renaissance art marks the transition of Europe from the Medieval period to the Early modern age.

In many parts of Europe, Early Renaissance art was created in parallel with Late Medieval art. By 1500 the Renaissance style prevailed. As Late Renaissance art (Mannerism) developed, it took on different and distinctive characteristics in every region.

High Renaissance art in Italy, 1475-1525

The "universal genius" Leonardo da Vinci was to further perfect the aspects of pictorial art (lighting, linear and atmospheric perspective, anatomy, foreshortening and characterisation) that had preoccupied artists of the Early Renaissance, in a lifetime of studying and meticulously recording his observations of the natural world. His adoption of oil paint as his primary media meant that he could depict light and its effects on the landscape and objects more naturally and with greater dramatic effect than had ever been done before, as demonstrated in the Mona Lisa. His dissection of cadavers carried forward the understanding of skeletal and muscular anatomy, as seen in the unfinished St Jerome. His depiction of human emotion in The Last Supper set the benchmark for religious painting.

The art of Leonardo's younger contemporary Michelangelo took a very different direction. Michelangelo, in neither his painting nor his sculpture demonstrates any interest in the observation of any natural object except the human body. He perfected his technique in depicting it, while in his early twenties, by the creation of the enormous marble statue of David and the group the Pieta, in St Peter's Basilica, Rome. He then set about an exploration of the expressive possibilities of the human anatomy. His commission by Pope Julius II to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling resulted in the supreme masterpiece of figurative composition, which was to have profound effect on every subsequent generation of European artists.

Standing alongside Leonardo and Michelangelo as the third great painter of the High Renaissance was the younger Raphael, who in a short life span painted a great number of lifelike and engaging portraits, including those of Pope Julius II and his successor Pope Leo X, and numerous portrayals of the Madonna and Christ Child, including the Sistine Madonna.

In Northern Italy the High Renaissance represented by the religious paintings of Giovanni Bellini which include several large altarpieces of a type known as "Sacred Conversation" which show a group of saints around the enthroned Madonna. His contemporary Giorgione left a small number of enigmatic works, including The Tempest, the subject of which has remained a matter of speculation. The earliest works of Titian date from the era of the High Renaissance, including a massive altarpiece The Assumption of the Virgin which combines human action and drama with spectacular colour and atmosphere.

Read more