Vincent Van Gogh (484)

Vincent van Gogh (March 30, 1853 - July 29, 1890) is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, though he had little success during his lifetime. Van Gogh produced all of his work (some 900 paintings and 1100 drawings) during a period of only 10 years before he succumbed to mental illness (possibly bipolar disorder) and committed suicide. His fame grew rapidly after his death especially following a showing of 71 of van Gogh's paintings in Paris on March 17, 1901 (11 years after his death).

Van Gogh's influence on expressionism, fauvism and early abstraction was enormous, and can be seen in many other aspects of 20th-century art. The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam is dedicated to Van Gogh's work and that of his contemporaries.

Several paintings by Van Gogh rank among the most expensive paintings in the world. On March 30, 1987 Van Gogh's painting Irises was sold for a record $53.9 million at Sotheby's, New York. On May 15, 1990 his Portrait of Doctor Gachet was sold for $82.5 million at Christie's, thus establishing a new price record (see also List of most expensive paintings).

Vincent was born in Zundert, The Netherlands; his father was a protestant minister, a profession that Vincent found appealing and to which he would be drawn to a certain extent later in his life. His sister described him as a serious and introspective child.

At age 16 Vincent started to work for the art dealer Goupil & Co. in The Hague. His four years younger brother Theo, with whom Vincent cherished a life long friendship, would join the company later. This friendship is amply documented in a vast amount of letters they sent each other. These letters have been preserved and were published in 1914. They provide a lot of insight into the life of the painter, and show him to be a talented writer with a keen mind. Theo would support Vincent financially throughout his life.

In 1873, his firm transferred him to London, then to Paris. He became increasingly interested in religion; in 1876 Goupil dismissed him for lack of motivation. He became a teaching assistant in Ramsgate near London, then returned to Amsterdam to study theology in 1877.

After dropping out in 1878, he became a layman preacher in Belgium in a poor mining region known as the Borinage. He even preached down in the mines and was extremely concerned with the lot of the workers. He was dismissed after 6 months and continued without pay. During this period he started to produce charcoal sketches.

In 1880, Vincent van Gogh followed the suggestion of his brother Theo and took up painting in earnest. For a brief period Vincent took painting lessons from Anton Mauve at The Hague. Although Vicent and Anton soon split over divergence of artistic views, influences of the Hague School of painting would remain in Vincents work, notably in the way he played with light and in the looseness of his brush strokes. However his usage of colours, favouring dark tones, set him apart from his teacher.

In 1881 he declared his love to his widowed cousin Kee Vos, who rejected him. Later he would move in with the prostitute Sien Hoornik and her children and considered marrying her; his father was strictly against this relationship and even his brother Theo advised against it. They later separated.

Impressed and influenced by Jean-Francois Millet , van Gogh focussed on painting peasants and rural scenes. He moved to the Dutch province Drenthe, later to Nuenen, North Brabant, also in The Netherlands. Here he painted in 1885.

In the winter of 1885-1886 Van Gogh attended the art academy of Antwerp, Belgium. This proved a disappointment as he was dismissed after a few months by his Professor. Van Gogh did however get in touch with Japanese art during this period, which he started to collect eagerly. He admired its bright colors, use of canvas space and the role lines played in the picture. These impressions would influence him strongly. Van Gogh made some painting in Japanese style. Also some of the portraits he painted are set against a background which shows Japanese art.

In spring 1886 Vincent van Gogh went to Paris, where he moved in with his brother Theo; they shared a house on Montmartre. Here he met the painters met Edgar Degas Camille Pissarro, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Gauguin. He discovered impressionsm and liked its use of light and color, more than its lack of social engagement (as he saw it). Especially the technique known as pointillism (where many small dots are applied to the canvas that blend into rich colors only in the eye of the beholder, seeing it from a distance) made its mark on Van Goghs own style. It should be noted that Van Gogh is regarded as a post-impressionist, rather than an impressionist.

In 1888, when city life and living with his brothers proved too much, Van Gogh left Paris and went to Arles, Bouches-du-Rh, France. He was impressed with the local landscape and hoped to found an art colony. He decorated a "yellow house" and created a celebrated series of yellow sunflower paintings for this purpose. Only Gauguin, whose simplified colour schemes and forms (known as synthetism) attracted van Gogh, followed his invitation. The admiration was mutual, and Gauguin painted van Gogh painting sunflowers. However their encounter ended in a quarrel. Van Gogh suffered a mental breakdown and cut off part of his left ear, which he gave to a startled prostitute friend. Gauguin left in December 1888.

The only painting he sold during his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, was created in 1888. It is now on display in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia.

Vincent van Gogh now exchanged painting dots for small stripes. He suffered from depression, and in 1889 on his own request Van Gogh was admitted to the psychiatric center at Monastery Saint-Paul de Mausole in Saint Remy de Provence, Bouches-du-Rh, France. During his stay here the clinic and its garden became his main subject. Pencil strokes changed again, now into spiral curves.

In May 1890 Vincent van Gogh left the clinic and went to the physician Paul Gachet, in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, where he was closer to his brother Theo, who had recently married. Gachet had been recommended to him by Pissarro; he had treated several artists before. Here van Gogh created his only etching: a portrait of the melancholic doctor, doctor Gachet. His depression aggravated. On July 27 of the same year, at the age of 37, after a fit of painting activity, van Gogh shot himself in the chest. He died two days later, with Theo at his side, who reported his last words as "La tristesse durera toujours" (French: "The sadness will last forever"). He was buried at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise; Theo unable to come to terms with his brother's death died 6 months later and was buried next to him. It would not take long before his fame grew higher and higher. Large exhibitions were organized soon: Paris 1901, Amsterdam 1905, Cologne 1912, New York 1913 and Berlin 1914.

Vincent van Gogh's mother threw away quite a number of his paintings during Vincent's life and even after his death. But she would live long enough to see her son become a world famous painter.

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Terrace of a café at night (Place du Forum)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

The Starry Night

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Starry Night Over The Rhone

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Country Road In Provence By Night 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

A Wheatfield With Cypress 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Green Wheat Field With Cypress (1889)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Wheat Field With Cypresses 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Field With Irises Near Arles

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

The Harvest With Blue Cart 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Green Wheat Fields, Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

The Sower (Sower At Sunset) 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheat Field With Reaper, Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Les Vessenots In Auvers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Corn Harvest In Provence

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Wheatfield 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheatfield Under Thunderclouds 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Wheatfield With Crows 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Landscape At Twilight 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

The Plain Of Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Tree Roots 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Farmhouse In Provence

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Red Vineyard At Arles (Montmajour) 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Field With Plowing Farmers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Vineyards At Auvers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

The Fields

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheatfield With Partridge

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Meadow With Flowers Under A Stormy Sky

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Plain Close To Auvers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheat Field With Sheaves

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheatfield With A Reaper

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheat Fields After The Rain (The Plain Of Auvers)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

A Lane Near Arles (Side Of A Country Lane)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Sunset At Montmajour 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Ploughed Fields (The Furrows)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Farmhouse In A Wheat Field 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Field With Poppies 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Landscape At Auvers After Rain With Carriage And Train 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

The Sower, 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Willows At Sunset

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Wheat Fields-Alpilles Foothills In The Background 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Wheat Stacks In Provence

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

View Of Saintes Maries De La Mer 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

View Of The Alpilles

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

La Crau With Peach Trees In Bloom

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Enclosed Field With Ploughman 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Landscape With Wheat Sheaves And Rising Moon 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Enclosed Field With Peasant

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Wheatfield With Cornflowers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Wheat Field With Reaper And Sun

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

House At Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Les Alpilles, Mountain Landscape Near Saint Remy

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Sheaves Of Wheat

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Field With Poppies

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Arles-View From The Wheat Fields 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Mountainous Landscape Behind Saint-Paul Hospital

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Enclosed Wheat Field With Rising Sun 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

The Wheat Field Behind St. Pauls Hospital, St. Remy, 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Summer Evening, Wheatfield With Setting Sun 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

A Group Of Cottages

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

The Drawbridge

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Bridge At Arles (Pont De Langlois) 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

The Langlois Bridge 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Undergrowth With Two Figures 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Tree Trunks In The Grass 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Mountains At Saint Rémy 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

View Of Arles, Flowering Orchards

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Field With Stacks Of Wheat

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Farms Near Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Rain - Auvers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$289

Wheat Field In Rain 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

View Of Auvers 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$209

The Green Vineyard

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

View Of Auvers-Sur-Oise, 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Factories At Clichy

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

The Green Wheatfield Behind The Asylum, 1892

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Wheat Fields In A Mountainous Landscape

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Edge Of A Wheat Field With Poppies

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Field With Poppies 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Sunflowers 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Vase With Twelve Sunflowers 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Vase With Fifteen Sunflowers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Sunflowers - Vase With Twelve Sunflowers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Three Sunflowers 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Six Sunflowers

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Irises 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Irises 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Iris, 1889

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Sunflowers,1887

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$239

Four Sunflowers Gone To Seed 1887

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$259

Still Life With Two Sunflowers. 1887

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Almond Blossom 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Still Life, Vase With Daisies 1890

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Cornflowers And Poppies

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Nature Morte- Vase Aux Glaïeuls

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Vase With Irises

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$229

Imperial Fritillaries In A Copper Vase 1887

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Still Life (Nature Morte)

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Oleanders 1888

By Vincent Van Gogh
Sizes starting at
$219

Vincent Van Gogh (484)

Vincent van Gogh (March 30, 1853 - July 29, 1890) is generally considered the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, though he had little success during his lifetime. Van Gogh produced all of his work (some 900 paintings and 1100 drawings) during a period of only 10 years before he succumbed to mental illness (possibly bipolar disorder) and committed suicide. His fame grew rapidly after his death especially following a showing of 71 of van Gogh's paintings in Paris on March 17, 1901 (11 years after his death).

Van Gogh's influence on expressionism, fauvism and early abstraction was enormous, and can be seen in many other aspects of 20th-century art. The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam is dedicated to Van Gogh's work and that of his contemporaries.

Several paintings by Van Gogh rank among the most expensive paintings in the world. On March 30, 1987 Van Gogh's painting Irises was sold for a record $53.9 million at Sotheby's, New York. On May 15, 1990 his Portrait of Doctor Gachet was sold for $82.5 million at Christie's, thus establishing a new price record (see also List of most expensive paintings).

Vincent was born in Zundert, The Netherlands; his father was a protestant minister, a profession that Vincent found appealing and to which he would be drawn to a certain extent later in his life. His sister described him as a serious and introspective child.

At age 16 Vincent started to work for the art dealer Goupil & Co. in The Hague. His four years younger brother Theo, with whom Vincent cherished a life long friendship, would join the company later. This friendship is amply documented in a vast amount of letters they sent each other. These letters have been preserved and were published in 1914. They provide a lot of insight into the life of the painter, and show him to be a talented writer with a keen mind. Theo would support Vincent financially throughout his life.

In 1873, his firm transferred him to London, then to Paris. He became increasingly interested in religion; in 1876 Goupil dismissed him for lack of motivation. He became a teaching assistant in Ramsgate near London, then returned to Amsterdam to study theology in 1877.

After dropping out in 1878, he became a layman preacher in Belgium in a poor mining region known as the Borinage. He even preached down in the mines and was extremely concerned with the lot of the workers. He was dismissed after 6 months and continued without pay. During this period he started to produce charcoal sketches.

In 1880, Vincent van Gogh followed the suggestion of his brother Theo and took up painting in earnest. For a brief period Vincent took painting lessons from Anton Mauve at The Hague. Although Vicent and Anton soon split over divergence of artistic views, influences of the Hague School of painting would remain in Vincents work, notably in the way he played with light and in the looseness of his brush strokes. However his usage of colours, favouring dark tones, set him apart from his teacher.

In 1881 he declared his love to his widowed cousin Kee Vos, who rejected him. Later he would move in with the prostitute Sien Hoornik and her children and considered marrying her; his father was strictly against this relationship and even his brother Theo advised against it. They later separated.

Impressed and influenced by Jean-Francois Millet , van Gogh focussed on painting peasants and rural scenes. He moved to the Dutch province Drenthe, later to Nuenen, North Brabant, also in The Netherlands. Here he painted in 1885.

In the winter of 1885-1886 Van Gogh attended the art academy of Antwerp, Belgium. This proved a disappointment as he was dismissed after a few months by his Professor. Van Gogh did however get in touch with Japanese art during this period, which he started to collect eagerly. He admired its bright colors, use of canvas space and the role lines played in the picture. These impressions would influence him strongly. Van Gogh made some painting in Japanese style. Also some of the portraits he painted are set against a background which shows Japanese art.

In spring 1886 Vincent van Gogh went to Paris, where he moved in with his brother Theo; they shared a house on Montmartre. Here he met the painters met Edgar Degas Camille Pissarro, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Gauguin. He discovered impressionsm and liked its use of light and color, more than its lack of social engagement (as he saw it). Especially the technique known as pointillism (where many small dots are applied to the canvas that blend into rich colors only in the eye of the beholder, seeing it from a distance) made its mark on Van Goghs own style. It should be noted that Van Gogh is regarded as a post-impressionist, rather than an impressionist.

In 1888, when city life and living with his brothers proved too much, Van Gogh left Paris and went to Arles, Bouches-du-Rh, France. He was impressed with the local landscape and hoped to found an art colony. He decorated a "yellow house" and created a celebrated series of yellow sunflower paintings for this purpose. Only Gauguin, whose simplified colour schemes and forms (known as synthetism) attracted van Gogh, followed his invitation. The admiration was mutual, and Gauguin painted van Gogh painting sunflowers. However their encounter ended in a quarrel. Van Gogh suffered a mental breakdown and cut off part of his left ear, which he gave to a startled prostitute friend. Gauguin left in December 1888.

The only painting he sold during his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, was created in 1888. It is now on display in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, Russia.

Vincent van Gogh now exchanged painting dots for small stripes. He suffered from depression, and in 1889 on his own request Van Gogh was admitted to the psychiatric center at Monastery Saint-Paul de Mausole in Saint Remy de Provence, Bouches-du-Rh, France. During his stay here the clinic and its garden became his main subject. Pencil strokes changed again, now into spiral curves.

In May 1890 Vincent van Gogh left the clinic and went to the physician Paul Gachet, in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, where he was closer to his brother Theo, who had recently married. Gachet had been recommended to him by Pissarro; he had treated several artists before. Here van Gogh created his only etching: a portrait of the melancholic doctor, doctor Gachet. His depression aggravated. On July 27 of the same year, at the age of 37, after a fit of painting activity, van Gogh shot himself in the chest. He died two days later, with Theo at his side, who reported his last words as "La tristesse durera toujours" (French: "The sadness will last forever"). He was buried at the cemetery of Auvers-sur-Oise; Theo unable to come to terms with his brother's death died 6 months later and was buried next to him. It would not take long before his fame grew higher and higher. Large exhibitions were organized soon: Paris 1901, Amsterdam 1905, Cologne 1912, New York 1913 and Berlin 1914.

Vincent van Gogh's mother threw away quite a number of his paintings during Vincent's life and even after his death. But she would live long enough to see her son become a world famous painter.

Read more
Page