Realism (324)

Realism in the visual arts is a style that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. The term is used in different senses in art history, it may mean the same as illusionism, the representation of subjects with visual mimesis or verisimilitude, or may mean an emphasis on the actuality of subjects, depicting them without idealization, and not omitting their sordid aspects. Works may be realist in either of these senses, or both. Use of the two senses can be confusing, but depending on context the second sense is perhaps more common.

Realism as a tendency in 19th century art was related to similar movements in the theatre, literature and opera. All emphasized the depiction of everyday subjects, but by no means always discarding classical, Romantic or sentimental approaches to their treatment. The movement began in the 1850s in France. One of Gustave Courbet's most important works is A Burial at Ornans, 1849-1850, a canvas recording an event which he witnessed in September 1848. Courbet's painting of the funeral of his grand uncle became the first grand statement of the Realist style.

Realism in the illusionistic sense appears in art as early as 2400 BC in the city of Lothal in what is now India, and examples can be found throughout the history of art - Ancient Egyptian art had rigid and artificial conventions for the depiction of the human figure, but minor figures and animals are often very well-observed, and lifelike. In the broadest sense, realism in a work of art exists wherever something has been well observed and accurately depicted, even if the work as a whole does not strictly conform to the conditions of realism.

The art of ancient Greece made particular progress in developing realistic depictions of both the human figure and its surroundings, in sculpture and painting. In the Late Antique period realism largely ceased to be a priority for artists, and the recovery of the realist tradition is a constant strand in the history of Western medieval art.

For example, the proto-Renaissance painter Giotto di Bondone brought a new realism to the art of painting by rendering physical space and volume far more convincingly than his Gothic predecessors. His paintings, like theirs, represented biblical scenes and the lives of the saints. In the Early Renaissance, the development of a system of linear perspective in Italy, and the inclusion of naturalistic detail in Early Netherlandish painting both contributed to the advance of realism in Western painting in different ways.

In the late 16th century, the prevailing mode in European art was Mannerism, an artificial art of elongated figures in graceful but unlikely poses. Caravaggio emerged to change the direction of art by depicting religious figures as the Italian poor in their natural surroundings, though composed with Baroque energy.

A fondness for humble subjects and homely details characterizes much of Dutch art, and Rembrandt is an outstanding realist in the naturalist sense with his renunciation of the ideal and his embrace of the life around him. In the 19th century a group of French landscape artists known as the Barbizon School emphasized close observation of nature, paving the way for the Impressionists.

In England the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood rejected what they saw as the formulaic idealism of the followers of Raphael, which led some of them to an art of intense illusionistic, and sometimes naturalistic, realism. The final years and aftermath of the First World War saw a return of realism and of styles dating back to before Post-Impressionism, in the so-called "Return to Order" - this became known as "Neo-Realism" or "Modern Realism" in England (led by Meredith Frampton, Charles Ginner, Harold Gilman and the Euston Road School), traditionisme in France (led by Andre Derain) and "Neue Sachlichkeit" (led by Otto Dix and Christian Schad) and "Magic Realism" in Germany.

Trompe l'oeil (literally, "fool the eye"), a technique which creates the illusion that the objects depicted actually exist, is an extreme example of artistic realism. Examples of this tendency can be found in art from antiquity to the present day

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In A Roman Osteria

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 242,049

A Burial at Ornans

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 461,549

Samson And The Philistines

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 250,199

The Bathers 1853

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 233,909

Christ The Consolator

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 250,199

The Meeting Or "Bonjour, Monsieur Courbet" 1854

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 257,869

Christ And Child

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 285,499

The artist's Studio

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 319,939

The Sleepers 1866

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 297,109

The Resurrection

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 250,199

Suffer The Children

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 231,189

The Wave 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 244,189

Christ On The Cross

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

Les Demoiselles Des Bords De La Seine 1856

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 261,149

Jesus Tempted

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 290,929

The Desperate Man 1843

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 264,419

The Doubting Thomas

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 312,669

The Wheat Sifters 1854

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 228,799

Christ In Gethsemane

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 252,909

Young Ladies of the Village

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 230,439

The Sermon On The Mount

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 228,479

La Sieste

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 223,559

Louis Gueymard as Robert Le Diable 1857

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 235,019

Jesus Casting Out The Money Changers At The Temple

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 242,049

The Burial

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 242,049

Fox in the Snow 1860

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 247,669

The Last Supper

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

Fox Caught in a Trap 1860

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 226,439

The Denial Of Peter

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 236,619

Three Young Englishwomen by a Window 1865

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 223,559

The Twelve Year Old Jesus In The Temple

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 288,219

A Young Woman Reading

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

Woman At The Well

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 255,629

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Et Ses Enfants

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 285,259

The Birth Of Jesus

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 252,909

Portait De Baudelaire

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 268,439

An Angel Comforting Jesus Before His Arrest In The Garden Of Gethsemane

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 236,619

Jo, La Belle Irlandaise

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 261,149

The Sheperds And The Angel

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 225,759

Jo, the Beautiful Irish Girl 1866

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 268,439

The Wrestlers 1853

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 247,479

Christ Healing The Sick

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 244,769

A Monk Examines Himself In A Mirror

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 247,479

Lovers in the Countryside 1844

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 274,239

Two Wives Talking Together

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 255,629

The Bohemian and Her Children

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 216,679

Two Old Men Sitting In The Shadow, Hornbæk

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 244,769

Hunter On Horseback 1864

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 221,259

A Young Baker Cooling Down

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 261,059

La Sieste

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 254,739

Old Men In A Public House

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 356,149

Femme Dans Un Hamac

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 230,439

The Actor Kristian Mantzius In His Study

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 231,189

The Trout 1872

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 261,819

Deer Running in the Snow

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 251,069

A Meal Two Boys And A Grandmother Tasting The Potato Soup

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

Fishing Families Waiting For Their Men To Return From An Incipient Storm

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 277,349

The Woman in the Waves 1868

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 261,149

The Sailor

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 258,339

The Young Bather 1866

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 277,509

A Fisherboy

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 247,479

Bather Sleeping by a Brook 1845

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 267,699

Head Of An Italian Boy

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

Nude with Flowering Branch 1863

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 264,419

Moonlight

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 257,949

Woman with a Parrot 1866

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 305,409

Evening Landscape With A House And Garden By The Sea Ellekilde

By Carl Heinrich Bloch
Sizes starting at
₩ 257,949

Femme Nue Couchée 1862

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 278,539

Femme Endormie

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 267,699

Nude Woman with a Dog

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 267,699

Woman with White Stockings 1861

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 267,699

The Source 1862

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 310,159

Gypsy in Reflection 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

The Man Made Mad with Fear

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,339

The Black Rocks at Trouville

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 224,079

La Trombe

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 223,559

La Vague

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 232,729

La Vague

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 235,019

The Waterspout 1870

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,609

La Falaise

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 235,869

Squall On the Horizon

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 232,729

After the Storm, 1872

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 254,739

Beach Scene with a Boat

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 219,359

Calm Sea 1866

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 218,969

Low Tide at Trouville 1865

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 226,439

The Calm Sea 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 221,259

Marine

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 221,259

The Seaside at Palavas 1854

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 221,259

The Sea 1865

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 221,259

The Wave 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 225,849

Mar Borrascoso 1850

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 225,849

The Wave

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 228,139

Waves 1870

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 225,849

Autumn Sea 1867

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 232,729

The Wave 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 238,229

Marine 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 239,609

The Wave 1871

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 247,669

Waves 1869

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 285,469

Les Bords De La Mer À Palavas 1854

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 223,559

Bords De La Mer, Palavas

By Gustave Courbet
Sizes starting at
₩ 235,869

Realism (324)

Realism in the visual arts is a style that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can see. The term is used in different senses in art history, it may mean the same as illusionism, the representation of subjects with visual mimesis or verisimilitude, or may mean an emphasis on the actuality of subjects, depicting them without idealization, and not omitting their sordid aspects. Works may be realist in either of these senses, or both. Use of the two senses can be confusing, but depending on context the second sense is perhaps more common.

Realism as a tendency in 19th century art was related to similar movements in the theatre, literature and opera. All emphasized the depiction of everyday subjects, but by no means always discarding classical, Romantic or sentimental approaches to their treatment. The movement began in the 1850s in France. One of Gustave Courbet's most important works is A Burial at Ornans, 1849-1850, a canvas recording an event which he witnessed in September 1848. Courbet's painting of the funeral of his grand uncle became the first grand statement of the Realist style.

Realism in the illusionistic sense appears in art as early as 2400 BC in the city of Lothal in what is now India, and examples can be found throughout the history of art - Ancient Egyptian art had rigid and artificial conventions for the depiction of the human figure, but minor figures and animals are often very well-observed, and lifelike. In the broadest sense, realism in a work of art exists wherever something has been well observed and accurately depicted, even if the work as a whole does not strictly conform to the conditions of realism.

The art of ancient Greece made particular progress in developing realistic depictions of both the human figure and its surroundings, in sculpture and painting. In the Late Antique period realism largely ceased to be a priority for artists, and the recovery of the realist tradition is a constant strand in the history of Western medieval art.

For example, the proto-Renaissance painter Giotto di Bondone brought a new realism to the art of painting by rendering physical space and volume far more convincingly than his Gothic predecessors. His paintings, like theirs, represented biblical scenes and the lives of the saints. In the Early Renaissance, the development of a system of linear perspective in Italy, and the inclusion of naturalistic detail in Early Netherlandish painting both contributed to the advance of realism in Western painting in different ways.

In the late 16th century, the prevailing mode in European art was Mannerism, an artificial art of elongated figures in graceful but unlikely poses. Caravaggio emerged to change the direction of art by depicting religious figures as the Italian poor in their natural surroundings, though composed with Baroque energy.

A fondness for humble subjects and homely details characterizes much of Dutch art, and Rembrandt is an outstanding realist in the naturalist sense with his renunciation of the ideal and his embrace of the life around him. In the 19th century a group of French landscape artists known as the Barbizon School emphasized close observation of nature, paving the way for the Impressionists.

In England the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood rejected what they saw as the formulaic idealism of the followers of Raphael, which led some of them to an art of intense illusionistic, and sometimes naturalistic, realism. The final years and aftermath of the First World War saw a return of realism and of styles dating back to before Post-Impressionism, in the so-called "Return to Order" - this became known as "Neo-Realism" or "Modern Realism" in England (led by Meredith Frampton, Charles Ginner, Harold Gilman and the Euston Road School), traditionisme in France (led by Andre Derain) and "Neue Sachlichkeit" (led by Otto Dix and Christian Schad) and "Magic Realism" in Germany.

Trompe l'oeil (literally, "fool the eye"), a technique which creates the illusion that the objects depicted actually exist, is an extreme example of artistic realism. Examples of this tendency can be found in art from antiquity to the present day

Read more
Page